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Aphis nerii

is primarily a plant specialist feeding on milkweeds and oleander mostly in temperate and tropical regions of the world.

Common names. Oleander aphid, Milkweed-oleander aphid.

Distribution. This aphid is distributed in the Old World and New World temperate and tropical regions, including many Pacific islands.

Host associations. It feeds mostly on oleander (Apocynaceae) and milkweeds (Asclepiadaceae), but is known to feed on 16 other plant families.

Economic importance. It is particularly important on oleander and many species of milkweed, but is know to colonize plant species in the Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, and Euphorbiaceae and others. It has been implicated in the transmission of at least 4 plant viruses.

See also. Taxonomy at Aphid Species File. Aphids on the World's Plants. Literature references.


Blackman, R.L. and V.F. Eastop. 1994. Aphids on the World’s Trees. CAB International with The Natural History Museum, London. viii + 987 pages, 135 figures, 16 plates.

Blackman, R.L. and V.F. Eastop. 2000. Aphids on the World’s Crops, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons with the Natural History Museum, London. x + 466 pages, 58 figures, 51 plates.

Blackman, R.L. and V.F. Eastop. 2006. Aphids on the World’s Herbaceous Plants and Shrubs. Volume 2 The Aphids. John Wiley & Sons with the Natural History Museum, London. viii + pages 1025-1439.

Chan, C.K., A.R. Forbes, and D.A. Raworth. 1991. Aphid-transmitted viruses and their vectors of the world. Agriculture Canada Technical Bulletin 1991-3E. 1-216 pp.

Holman, J. 2009. Host Plant Catalog of Aphids, Palaearctic Region. Springer Science and Business Media B.V. 1216 pp.

Voegtlin, D., W. Villalobos, M.V. Sanchez, G.Saborio, and C. Rivera. A Guide to the Winged Aphids of Costa Rica. 2003. International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 51(Suppl. 2):xi + 228 pp.